Version: 5.x

Configuring single-spa

The single-spa root config consists of the following:

  1. The root HTML file that is shared by all single-spa applications.
  2. The JavaScript that calls singleSpa.registerApplication().

Your root config exists only to start up the single-spa applications.

Index.html file

See this example root config for what a root HTML file looks like.

You do not have to use SystemJS when using single-spa, but many examples and tutorials will encourage you to do so because it allows you to independently deploy your applications.

Registering applications

You must register applications with single-spa so it knows how and when to initiate, load, mount, and unmount each application. Registration most commonly occurs inside of the single-spa config but does not have to. Note that if an application is registered from within another application, no hierarchy will be maintained between the applications. Instead, the applications will be siblings and will be mounted and unmounted according to their own activity functions.

In order to register an application, call the registerApplication function. Example:

// single-spa-config.js
import { registerApplication, start } from 'single-spa';
// Simple usage
registerApplication(
'app2',
() => import('src/app2/main.js'),
(location) => location.pathname.startsWith('/app2'),
{ some: 'value' }
);
// Config with more expressive API
registerApplication({
name: 'app1',
app: () => import('src/app1/main.js'),
activeWhen: '/app1',
customProps: {
some: 'value',
}
);
start();

Using arguments

Application name

The first argument to registerApplication must be a string name.

Loading Function or Application

The second argument to registerApplication must be either a function that returns a promise loading function or the resolved Application.

Application as second argument

Optionally for the second argument you can use the resolved Application, consisting of an object with the lifecycle methods. This allows you import the Application from another file or define applications inline in your single-spa-config

const application = {
bootstrap: () => Promise.resolve(), //bootstrap function
mount: () => Promise.resolve(), //mount function
unmount: () => Promise.resolve(), //unmount function
}
registerApplication('applicatonName', application, activityFunction)
Loading function

The second argument to registerApplication must be a function that returns a promise (or an "async function"). The function will be called with no arguments when it's time to load the application for the first time. The returned promise must be resolved with the application. The most common implementation of a loading function is an import call: () => import('/path/to/application.js')

Activity function

The third argument to registerApplication must be a pure function, the function is provided window.location as the first argument, and returns a truthy value whenever the application should be active. Most commonly, the activity function determines if an application is active by looking at window.location/the first param.

Another way of looking at this is that single-spa is a top-level router that has a lot of applications that have their own sub-router.

single-spa will call each application's activity function under the following scenarios:

  • hashchange or popstate event
  • pushState or replaceState is called
  • triggerAppChange api is called on single-spa
  • Whenever the checkActivityFunctions method is called

Custom props

The optional fourth argument to registerApplication is custom props that are passed to the application's single-spa lifecycle functions. The custom props may be either an object or a function that returns an object. Custom prop functions are called with the application name and current window.location as arguments.

Using configuration object

singleSpa.registerApplication({
name: 'myApp',
app: () => import('src/myApp/main.js'),
activeWhen: ['/myApp', (location) => location.pathname.startsWith('/some/other/path')],
customProps: {
some: 'value',
},
});
singleSpa.registerApplication({
name: 'myApp',
app: () => import('src/myApp/main.js'),
activeWhen: ['/myApp', (location) => location.pathname.startsWith('/some/other/path')],
customProps: (name, location) => ({
some: 'value',
}),
});

config.name

Must be a string name

config.app

The definition of your app, which can be an object with single-spa lifecycle methods, or a loading function, the same as the second argument on the arguments API

config.activeWhen

Can be an activity function, like the arguments API, a path prefix or an array with both. Since the most common use case is to look at the window.location and match the URL with a prefix, we decided to do this for you!

Path prefix

The path prefix will match the start of your URL, allowing everything after the prefix. Examples:

'/app1'
✅ https://app.com/app1
✅ https://app.com/app1/anything/everything
🚫 https://app.com/app2
'/users/:userId/profile'
✅ https://app.com/users/123/profile
✅ https://app.com/users/123/profile/sub-profile/
🚫 https://app.com/users//profile/sub-profile/
🚫 https://app.com/users/profile/sub-profile/
'/pathname/#/hash'
✅ https://app.com/pathname/#/hash
✅ https://app.com/pathname/#/hash/route/nested
🚫 https://app.com/pathname#/hash/route/nested
🚫 https://app.com/pathname#/another-hash
['/pathname/#/hash', '/app1']
✅ https://app.com/pathname/#/hash/route/nested
✅ https://app.com/app1/anything/everything
🚫 https://app.com/pathname/app1
🚫 https://app.com/app2

config.customProps

The optional customProps property provides custom props that are passed to the application's single-spa lifecycle functions. The custom props may be either an object or a function that returns an object. Custom prop functions are called with the application name and current window.location as arguments.

Calling singleSpa.start()

The start() api must be called by your single spa config in order for applications to actually be mounted. Before start is called, applications will be loaded, but not bootstrapped/mounted/unmounted. The reason for start is to give you control over performance. For example, you may want to register applications immediately (to start downloading the code for the active ones), but not actually mount the applications until an initial AJAX request (maybe to get information about the logged in user) has been completed. In that case, the best performance is achieved by calling registerApplication immediately, but calling start after the AJAX request is completed.

//single-spa-config.js
import { start } from 'single-spa';
/* Calling start before registering apps means that single-spa can immediately mount apps, without
* waiting for any initial setup of the single page app.
*/
start();
// Register applications....

Two registered applications simultaneously??

Yep, it's possible. And it's actually not that scary if you do it right. And once you do, it's really really powerful. One approach to do this is to create a <div> for each app, so that they never try to modify the same DOM at the same time.

The <div> will need an id starting with the prefix single-spa-application: and then your app name. For example, if you had an app called app-name, you'd make a <div> with the id single-spa-application:app-name.

An example with multiple applications would look like this:

<div id="single-spa-application:app-name"></div>
<div id="single-spa-application:other-app"></div>